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King Bhumibol Adulyadej Coronation Day

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King Bhumibol Adulyadejs Thai full title is Phra Bat Somdet Phra Poramintharamaha Bhumibol Adulyadej Mahitalathibet Ramathibodi Chakkrinaruebodin Sayamminthrathirat Borommanatbophit

Today, Tuesday May 5th, 2009 is the celebration of 59 years since King Bhumibol Adulyadej Coronation.

The coronation of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej took place on 5 May 1950. On 5 May of every year, the Thai people rejoice and express their affection and loyalty to him by organizing a celebration on his coronation day. This year, Coronation Day falls on Tuesday.

Learn More About King Bhumibol

History of Coronation in Thailand

Prior to the reign of King Rama IV (King Mongkut), there was no coronation ceremony in Thailand, there was only private ceremony held by high ranking officials to celebrate their Royal Regalia and positions in the 6th lunar month. The first coronation in Thailand took place when King Mongkut Rama IV was crowned on May 15th, 1985. King Mongkut thought that the Coronation was an auspicious occasion, but found it difficult to explain the meaning to his subjects in detail. To simply the meaning he called the day a “ceremony to commemorate the Royal Regalia“. It was then celebrated on the 13th of the full moon in the 6th lunar month and the following day monks were invited to have a meal at the Dusit Maha Prasart Throne Hall in Grand Palace.

Today, the ceremony is performed for three days. The first day falls on May 3rd and the ceremony commences by the king performing merit-making at the Audience Hall of Amarindra in dedication to the deceased kings while Buddhist monks chant, give a sermon and perform a requiem on the royal ashes of the deceased kings. On May 4th the Coronation Ceremonies begin with the proclamation of the Coronation Day read by the Chief of Brahmin priests followed by an evening chanting performed by Buddhist monks. Finally on May 5th, the actual date of the Coronation, food is offered to monks and followed by a celebration of the Royal Regalia. At noon the Army and Navy fire a 21-gun salute in honor of the king. The celebration will end with His Majesty the King presenting the royal decorations to the people who have made a valuable contribution to the country.

Coronation of King Bhumibol

Bhumibol was crowned King of Thailand on 5 May 1950 at the Royal Palace in Bangkok where he pledged that he would “reign with righteousness for the benefit and happiness of the Siamese people”. Notable elements associated with the coronation included the Bahadrabith Throne beneath the Great White Umbrella of State; and he was presented with the royal regalia and utensils.

thai king coronation history.thumbnail King Bhumibol Adulyadej Coronation Day

In 1950 on Coronation Day, Bhumibol’s consort was made Queen (Somdej Phra Boromarajini). The date of his coronation is celebrated each 5 May in Thailand as Coronation Day, a public holiday. On 9 June 2006, Bhumibol celebrated his 60th anniversary as the King of Thailand, becoming the longest reigning monarch in Thai history.

Following the death of his grandmother Queen Savang Vadhana (Sawang Watthana Phra Phanvasa Aiyeekajao), Bhumibol entered a 15-day monkhood (22 October 1956 – 5 November 1956) at Wat Bowonniwet, as is customary at the death of elder relatives. During this time, Sirikit was appointed his regent. She was later appointed Queen Regent (Somdej Phra Boromarajininat) in recognition of this.

Although Bhumibol is sometimes referred to as King Rama IX in English, the name “Rama” is never used in Thai. The name is used to approximate Ratchakal ti Kao (literally “the Ninth Reign”). More commonly, Thais refer to him as Nai Luang or Phra Chao Yu Hua both mean “the King” or “Lord Upon our Heads”). He is also called Chao Chiwit (“Lord of Life”). Formally, he would be referred to as Phrabat Somdej Phra Chao Yu Hua (in legal documents, Phrabat Somdej Phra Paraminthara Maha Bhumibol Adulyadej, and in English as His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej. He signs his name as Bhumibol Adulyadej Por Ror.

Succession to the throne

thailand prince.thumbnail King Bhumibol Adulyadej Coronation DayBhumibol’s only son, Prince Vajiralongkorn, was given the title “Somdej Phra Boroma Orasadhiraj Chao Fah Maha Vajiralongkorn Sayam Makutrajakuman” (Crown Prince of Siam) on 28 December 1972 and made heir apparent to the throne in accordance with the Palace Law on Succession of 1924.

On 5 December 1977, Princess Sirindhorn was given the title, “Siam Boromrajakumari” (Princess Royal of Siam). Her title is often translated by the English-language press as “Crown Princess”, although her official English-language title is simply “Princess”.[139]

Although the constitution was later amended to allow the Privy Council to appoint a princess as successor to the throne, this would only occur in the absence of an heir apparent. This amendment is retained in Section 23 of the 1997 “People’s Constitution.” This effectively signalled Princess Sirindhorn as second in line to the throne, but did not affect Prince Vajiralongkorn’s status as heir apparent.

Recent constitutions of Thailand have made the amendment of the Palace Law of Succession the sole prerogative of the reigning King. According to Gothom Arya, former Election Commissioner, this allows the reigning King, if he so chooses, to appoint his son or any of his daughters to the Throne.

thailand royal family portrait King Bhumibol Adulyadej Coronation Day

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