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Medical Bills And US Bankruptcies

Medical Bills And US Bankruptcies

Medical bills prompt more than 60% of U.S. Bankruptcies…

This year, an estimated 1.5 million Americans will declare bankruptcy, and a new study suggests that more than 60% of these people will do so because of their medical bills.

The findings revealed that bankruptcies due to medical bills increased by nearly 50% in a six-year period, from 46% in 2001 to 62% in 2007, and most of those who filed for bankruptcy were middle-class, well-educated homeowners.

The report will be published in the August issue of The American Journal of Medicine.

Lead author Steffie Woolhandler, MD, of the Harvard Medical School, in Cambridge, Mass.

“Unless you’re a Warren Buffett or Bill Gates, you’re one illness away from financial ruin in this country…

“If an illness is long enough and expensive enough, private insurance offers very little protection against medical bankruptcy, and that’s the major finding in our study.”

Dr. Woolhandler and her colleagues surveyed a random sample of 2,314 people who filed for bankruptcy in early 2007, looked at their court records, and then interviewed more than 1,000 of them.

medical bills Medical Bills And US Bankruptcies

They concluded that 62.1% of the bankruptcies were medically related because the individuals either had more than $5,000 (or 10% of their pretax income) in medical bills, mortgaged their home to pay for medical bills, or lost significant income due to an illness.

On average, medically bankrupt families had $17,943 in out-of-pocket expenses, including $26,971 for those who lacked insurance and $17,749 who had insurance at some point.

To add injury to insult, three-quarters of the people who suffered medically related bankruptcy had health insurance.

Dr. Woolhandler says:

“That was actually the predominant problem in patients in our study 78% of them had health insurance, but many of them were bankrupted anyway because there were gaps in their coverage like co-payments and deductibles and uncovered services…

“Other people had private insurance but got so sick that they lost their job and lost their insurance.”

However, Peter Cunningham, PhD, a senior fellow at the Center for Studying Health System Change, a nonpartisan policy research organization in Washington, D.C., isn’t completely convinced. He says it’s often hard to tell in which cases medical bills add to the bleak financial picture without being directly responsible for the bankruptcies:

“I’m not sure that it is correct to say that medical problems were the direct cause of all of these bankruptcies…

“In most of these cases, it’s going to be medical expenses and other things, other debt that is accumulating.”

Nevertheless, he agrees that medical bills are an increasing problem for many people:

“I think medical bills are something that a lot of families are having a lot of difficulty with and whether it’s the direct cause of bankruptcy or whether it helps to push them over the edge because they already were in a precarious financial situation, it’s a big concern and hopefully that’s what medical reform will try to address,”

The study may overestimate the number of bankruptcies caused by medical bills yet underestimate the financial burden of health care on American families, because most people struggle along but don’t end up declaring bankruptcy, according to Cunningham:

“Bankruptcy is the most extreme or final step for people who are having problems paying medical bills…

“Medical bills and medical costs are an issue that can very easily and in pretty short order overwhelm a lot families who are on otherwise solid financial ground, including those with private insurance.”

His group’s research found that medical bills unduly stress 1 in 5 families.

Either way, the high cost of health care is a problem that’s probably getting worse for people in the United States, particularly since the economic picture became grimmer after the study was conducted.

“The recession didn’t happen until a year after our study,” says Dr. Woolhandler. “We’re quite sure that the problem of bankruptcy overall is worse, the numbers have been soaring, and the number this year is expected to be higher than it was before Congress tightened bankruptcy eligibility in 2005.”

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